Is Bible God's
New Testament passed the
Legend test: its content are not altered over the past 19 century since it
was written. But are the Gospels fictions? something like Jewish
version of King Arthur? Or is it an accurate record of the life of Jesus
order to test the factuality of the Gospel record, two areas of the
documents are studied:.
first area is extra-biblical sources; if extra-biblical sources collaborate with the
content of the Gospels in general, historicity of the Gospel can be
affirmed. The second area is archaeology; the study of archaeological
discoveries can attest the historicity of the New Testament Bible.
Researchers identified at least 14 ancient extra-biblical documents
which are within 125 years after Jesus' death concerning
the life of Jesus and the early church lives. Below are the collaborative
- Jesus' brother is called James.
- Jesus' ministry was in Palestine.
- Jesus was known to be a wise, virtuous and ethical man.
- Jesus was reported to be able to perform miracles.
- Jesus was said to be a fulfillment of prophecies.
- Jesus was thought by some as Messiah.
- Many, Jews and Gentiles, became Jesus' disciples.
- Jesus was judged by Jewish leaders and found guilty of teaching
- Jesus was put to death as a result.
- Jesus died in the hands of Roman procurator Pontius Pilate.
- Jesus died on Passover Eve.
- Jesus was nailed on a cross.
- After Jesus' death, it is recorded that his teaching broke out again
in Judea. ( about his resurrection?)
- Many believers of Jesus came from all walks of life.
- Jesus was worship as God.
- Believers were named Christian after Christ.
- Jesus' death provided salvation for believers.
- Christians believed in eternal life.
- Christians made oath against committing sins.
- Christians practiced their faith by denying worldly goods and share
- Christians practiced Lord's supper.
from study of the extra-biblical sources:
collaborative data with the New Testament strongly affirm the historicity
of the New Testament. The New Testament narrative cannot be
Recent archaeological discoveries also support
the factuality of the New Testament record and the following findings are
related to Jesus' life. They effectively refute the fiction theories about
British Museum papyrus 904
Ancient papyrus census forms have
been discovered confirming that a census was scheduled every 14 years. A
census form in the British Museum has been dated to 104 AD. There is
nothing yet from 90 AD or 76 AD but forms have been discovered dated at
62, 48, 34 and possibly also 20 AD. The census which affected the birth of
Jesus should therefore have started about 10 BC although it may possibly
have taken several years to reach and involve Palestine.
Luke wrote: "And all went to
be enrolled, each to his own city." (Luke 2:3) and
from the papyrus people returning home for census was
the procedure in a Roman census:
Vivius Maximus, Prefect of Egypt [says]: seeing that the time has come for
the house to house census, it is necessary to compel all those who for any
cause whatsoever are residing out of their provinces to
return to their own homes, that they may both carry out the
regular order of the census and may attend diligently to the cultivation
of their allotments."
|Pool of Bethseda. It was recorded in the
Gospel of John where Jesus healed a paralyzed person. John describes a
pool in Jerusalem, near the Sheep Gate, called Bethesda, surrounded by
five covered colonnades. Until the 19th century, there was no
evidence outside of John's Gospel for the existence of this pool.
Skeptical scholars said that the gospel was written later, probably by
someone without first-hand knowledge of the city of Jerusalem, and that
the pool had a metaphorical or symbolic, rather than actual, significance.
Then in the nineteenth century, archaeologists discovered the remains of a
pool exactly matching the description in John's Gospel. Yet again,
archaeology confirms that the Bible.
"Afterward Jesus returned to Jerusalem for one of the
Jewish holy days. Inside the city, near the Sheep Gate, was the pool of
Bethesda, with five covered porches. Crowds of sick
people--blind, lame, or paralyzed--lay on the porches." (John 5:1-3)
|Pontius Pilate. Pilate was the procurator
who put Jesus to death. Until recently, there was no contemporary evidence
outside the Bible for Pilate's existence. Then in 1961, Italian
archaeologists excavating the theatre at Caesarea found this stone
inscription of Pontius Pilate. Coins have also been found dating from
Pilate's rule as governor.
|Caiaphas, the High Priest. Caiaphas'
ossuary was discovered in 1990. He was the high priest judging Jesus as
recorded in the Gospel. Once again, the Biblical records proves to be
Found in 1968 in Jerusalem tomb chamber, a 7 inches nail curled at the
end, piece of wood, right and left heel bones, and the wood the cross was
fastened together. The foot was amputated from the body since the nail was
curled when it was driven against a knot of the cross, and the foot could
not be removed from the cross. The skeleton itself was found with both leg
bones brutally fractured, and the radius bones of the front arms near the
wrist has scratches made by compression and friction and gliding on the
fresh bone. All these indicate the person being crucified. The date of the
body is 70AD and the victim was about 24-28 years old. This finding
confirms many descriptions in the Bible about crucifixion, reinforcing the historicity and reliability
of the New Testament Bible.
|Nazareth Decree. This 15" by 24"
marble slab was discovered in 1878 at Nazareth. It is an Ordinance of
Caesar issued between AD 41-54. The message was a strict prohibition
against the disturbing of graves. Other previous Roman indictments
of this kind only prescribe a fine for the offenders, but this order
demands capital punishment in Palestine. The reason might well be the
spread of Christianity and the resurrection message in the Christian
Gospel triggered such action straight from the Roman emperor to Palestine.
The New Testament Bible not only pass the
Legend test but also the Fiction test. The factuality of the New Testament
are well attested. It is not a legend made up by Christians over the
years; nor is it a fiction made up by some creative authors. The New
Testament is both reliable and is an extra-ordinary and true record of the life of Jesus Christ. As you read the Bible, you could see
the real picture of what happened about Jesus then.
Let's see the
supernatural nature of the Bible: Biblical prophecy...